WHAT IS TORQUE?
According to Webster:
- A twisting or wrenching effect, or moment, exerted by a force
acting at a distance on a body, equal to the force multiplied by the
perpendicular distance between the line of action of the force, and
the center of rotation at which it is exerted.
- A force, which tends to produce rotation. The measurement of
torque is based on the fundamental law of the lever.
What are we trying to achieve with
a torque wrench?
Answer: Proper Clamping Force
TORQUE AND CLAMPING FORCE
Controlling the torque applied in tightening threaded fasteners is the
most commonly used method for the application of clamping force.
There are many factors which may affect the relationship between
torque and clamping force of threaded fasteners. Some of these are:
the type of lubricant used on the threads, the material from which
the bolt and nut are made, the type of washers used, the class
and finish of threads and various other factors. It is not possible to
establish a defi nite relationship between torque and clamping force
which will be applicable for all conditions.
TORQUE WRENCH SAFETY
These precautions should always be taken when using any
torque wrench to avoid possible injury:
- Read instruction manual completely before using torque wrench.
- Safety glasses or goggles should be worn at all times when using any
- Always pull, DO NOT PUSH, to apply torque and adjust your stance to
prevent a fall.
- A “cheater bar” should NEVER be used on a torque wrench to apply
- Do not use with sockets or fasteners showing wear or cracks.
- Ratchet mechanism may slip or break if dirty, mismatched or worn parts
- Make sure direction lever is fully engaged
TORQUE WRENCH USAGE
- All mechanical torque wrenches are calibrated from 20% to 100% of full scale, therefore, they should never be used below or above those limits
- To determine which torque wrench capacity is best suited for
an application, many factors must be considered. However, as a
recommendation, use a torque wrench in the middle 50% of the overall
capacity of the tool. This will result in longer tool life, ease of use for the
operator and increased accuracy from “clicker” type torque wrenches
- Always grasp handle fi rmly in the center of the grip
- Approach fi nal torque slowly and evenly
- Stop pulling wrench immediately when target torque is reached
- Never use a torque wrench to break fasteners loose
- Should be cleaned and stored properly
- Should always be stored at it’s lowest torque setting
- Wrenches should be re-calibrated if dropped. Should never be used in
excess of it’s capacity
- Torque wrenches should be “exercised” a minimum of three times at 100% of full scale before use
- The wrench selected should be calibrated in the same torque units that are specified
- Use of a “cheater bar” will result in an inaccurate reading and can possibly damage the wrench
- Torque wrenches will last longer if reasonable care is taken. Always
unwind handle to the lowest setting after each use. Do not attempt to
lubricate the internal torque mechanism. Clean torque wrench by wiping, do not immerse. The wrench should be sent to a qualifi ed calibration lab once every year or every 5000 cycles for re-calibration